Tsinghua Science and Technology


person re-identification, deep hashing, asymmetric hashing, large-scale


The person re-identification (re-ID) community has witnessed an explosion in the scale of data that it has to handle. On one hand, it is important for large-scale re-ID to provide constant or sublinear search time and dramatically reduce the storage cost for data points from the viewpoint of efficiency. On the other hand, the semantic affinity existing in the original space should be preserved because it greatly boosts the accuracy of re-ID. To this end, we use the deep hashing method, which utilizes the pairwise similarity and classification label to learn deep hash mapping functions, in order to provide discriminative representations. More importantly, considering the great advantage of asymmetric hashing over the existing symmetric one, we finally propose an asymmetric deep hashing (ADH) method for large-scale re-ID. Specifically, a two-stream asymmetric convolutional neural network is constructed to learn the similarity between image pairs. Another asymmetric pairwise loss is formulated to capture the similarity between the binary hashing codes and real-value representations derived from the deep hash mapping functions, so as to constrain the binary hash codes in the Hamming space to preserve the semantic structure existing in the original space. Then, the image labels are further explored to have a direct impact on the hash function learning through a classification loss. Furthermore, an efficient alternating algorithm is elaborately designed to jointly optimize the asymmetric deep hash functions and high-quality binary codes, by optimizing one parameter with the other parameters fixed. Experiments on the four benchmarks, i.e., DukeMTMC-reID, Market-1501, Market-1501+500k, and CUHK03 substantiate the competitive accuracy and superior efficiency of the proposed ADH over the compared state-of-the-art methods for large-scale re-ID.