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Tsinghua Science and Technology

Keywords

sparse representation, sample selection, channel-aware dictionary, P300 speller

Abstract

A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) aims to produce a new way for people to communicate with computers. Brain signal classification is a challenging issue owing to the high-dimensional data and low Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). In this paper, a novel method is proposed to cope with this problem through sparse representation for the P300 speller paradigm. This work is distinguished using two key contributions. First, we investigate sparse coding and its feasibility for brain signal classification. Training signals are used to learn the dictionaries and test signals are classified according to their sparse representation and reconstruction errors. Second, sample selection and a channel-aware dictionary are proposed to reduce the effect of noise, which can improve performance and enhance the computing efficiency simultaneously. A novel classification method from the sample set perspective is proposed to exploit channel correlations. Specifically, the brain signal of each channel is classified jointly using its spatially neighboring channels and a novel weighted regulation strategy is proposed to overcome outliers in the group. Experimental results have demonstrated that our methods are highly effective. We achieve a state-of-the-art recognition rate of 72.5%, 88.5%, and 98.5% at 5, 10, and 15 epochs, respectively, on BCI Competition III Dataset II.

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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