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Tsinghua Science and Technology

Keywords

hashtag, microblog, topic detection, short-message-style news, five Ws

Abstract

Hashtags are important metadata in microblogs and are used to mark topics or index messages. However, statistics show that hashtags are absent from most microblogs. This poses great challenges for the retrieval and analysis of these tagless microblogs. In this paper, we summarize the similarity between microblogs and short-message-style news, and then propose an algorithm, named 5WTAG, for detecting microblog topics based on a model of five Ws (When, Where, Who, What, hoW). As five-W attributes are the core components in event description, it is guaranteed theoretically that 5WTAG can properly extract semantic topics from microblogs. We introduce the detailed procedure of the algorithm in this paper including spam microblog identification, microblog segmentation, and candidate hashtag construction. In addition, we propose a novel recommendation computing method for ranking candidate hashtags, which combines syntax and semantic analysis and observes the distribution of artificial topic hashtags. Finally, we conduct comprehensive experiments to verify the semantic correctness and completeness of the candidate hashtags, as well as the accuracy of the recommendation method using real data from Sina Weibo.

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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