Tsinghua Science and Technology


transcription factor binding site, structure-based predictions, knowledge-based potential, physics-based potential


Transcription Factors (TFs) are a very diverse family of DNA-binding proteins that play essential roles in the regulation of gene expression through binding to specific DNA sequences. They are considered as one of the prime drug targets since mutations and aberrant TF-DNA interactions are implicated in many diseases. Identification of TF-binding sites on a genomic scale represents a critical step in delineating transcription regulatory networks and remains a major goal in genomic annotations. Recent development of experimental high-throughput technologies has provided valuable information about TF-binding sites at genome scale under various physiological and developmental conditions. Computational approaches can provide a cost-effective alternative and complement the experimental methods by using the vast quantities of available sequence or structural information. In this review we focus on structure-based prediction of transcription factor binding sites. In addition to its potential in genome-scale predictions, structure-based approaches can help us better understand the TF-DNA interaction mechanisms and the evolution of transcription factors and their target binding sites. The success of structure-based methods also bears a translational impact on targeted drug design in medicine and biotechnology.


Tsinghua University Press