Metal intercalation-induced selective adatom mass transport on graphene
graphene, intercalation, electrostatic potential, selective adsorption, first-principle calculation
Recent experiments indicate that metal intercalation is a very effective method to manipulate the graphene-adatom interaction and control metal nanostructure formation on graphene. A key question is mass transport, i.e., how atoms deposited uniformly on graphene populate different areas depending on the local intercalation. Using first-principles calculations, we show that partially intercalated graphene, with a mixture of intercalated and pristine areas, can induce an alternating electric field because of the spatial variations in electron doping, and thus, an oscillatory electrostatic potential. This alternating field can change normal stochastic adatom diffusion to biased diffusion, leading to selective mass transport and consequent nucleation, on either the intercalated or pristine areas, depending on the charge state of the adatoms.
Tsinghua University Press
Xiaojie Liu,Cai-Zhuang Wang,Myron Hupalo,Hai-Qing Lin,Kai-Ming Ho,Patricia A. Thiel,Michael C. Tringides, Metal intercalation-induced selective adatom mass transport on graphene. NanoRes.2016, 9(5): 1434–1441