Supported single Au(III) ion catalysts for high performance in the reactions of 1,3-dicarbonyls with alcohols
single Au(III) ion, heterogeneous catalysts, green chemistry, 1, 3-dicarbonyls
The high cost and poor atom utilization efficiency of noble metal catalysts have limited their industrial applications. Herein, we designed CeO2-supported single Au(III) ion catalysts with ultra-low gold loading that can enhance the utilization efficiency of gold atoms and bridge the gap between homogeneous and heterogeneous gold catalysis. These catalysts were highly active and reusable for the reaction of 1,3-dicarbonyls with alcohols. The catalytic turnover number of CeO2-supported single Au(III) ion catalysts was much higher than that of the homogeneous catalyst NaAuCl4. In addition, the effects of gold loading and the drying method for the catalysts on the organic reactions were systematically explored. In-depth investigation of the structure–property relationship by highresolution transmission electron microscopy, hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction, X-ray absorption near edge structure analysis, UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that the isolated Au(III) ions were related to the active sites for the synthesis of β-substituted cyclohexenone and that CeO2 was responsible for yielding ketonic ester.
Tsinghua University Press
Daowei Gao,Xin Zhang,Ying Yang,Xiaoping Dai,Hui Sun,Yuchen Qin,Aijun Duan, Supported single Au(III) ion catalysts for high performance in the reactions of 1,3-dicarbonyls with alcohols. NanoRes.2016, 9(4): 985–995