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Nano Research

Article Title

TbF3 nanoparticles as dual-mode contrast agents for ultrahigh field magnetic resonance imaging and X-ray computed tomography

Authors

Xiaoyu Zheng, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, PKU-HKU Joint Laboratory in Rare Earth Materials and Bioinorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Yanjie Wang, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, PKU-HKU Joint Laboratory in Rare Earth Materials and Bioinorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Lingdong Sun, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, PKU-HKU Joint Laboratory in Rare Earth Materials and Bioinorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Naixiu Chen, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, PKU-HKU Joint Laboratory in Rare Earth Materials and Bioinorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Lindong Li, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, PKU-HKU Joint Laboratory in Rare Earth Materials and Bioinorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Shuo Shi, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, PKU-HKU Joint Laboratory in Rare Earth Materials and Bioinorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Sivakumar Malaisamy, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, PKU-HKU Joint Laboratory in Rare Earth Materials and Bioinorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Chunhua Yan, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, PKU-HKU Joint Laboratory in Rare Earth Materials and Bioinorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China

Keywords

nanoparticle, TbF3, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), contrast agent

Abstract

Considering the development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) under ultrahigh magnetic field (>3 T), the exploration of novel contrast agents (CAs) for ultrahigh field MRI is urgently needed. Herein, we report polyethyleneimine (PEI)-coated TbF3 nanoparticles (NPs), which were synthesized by a facile solvothermal method, as potential dual-mode CAs for ultrahigh field MRI and X-ray computed tomography (CT). Owing to their strong paramagnetism, the TbF3 NPs showed excellent transverse relaxivity (395.77 mM–1·s–1) and negligible longitudinal relaxivity under an ultrahigh magnetic field (7 T) with a great potential as a T2-weighted MRI contrast agent. Furthermore, by comparison with the clinically used CT CAs (iohexol), the TbF3 NPs showed superior X-ray attenuation ability. The practical application for T2-weighted MRI and CT imaging was demonstrated with an animal model. Moreover, cell cytotoxicity and in vivo toxicity assessments implied the low toxicity of TbF3 NPs. In summary, the above results indicate that TbF3 NPs are promising candidates for ultrahigh field MRI and CT dual-mode imaging.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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