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Nano Research

Article Title

Bismuth oxychloride hollow microspheres with high visible light photocatalytic activity

Keywords

bismuth oxychloride, hollow spheres, nanosturctures, visible light photocatalysis

Abstract

Hollow microspheres of two bismuth oxychlorides, BiOCl and Bi24O31Cl10, were successfully synthesized using carbonaceous microsphere sacrificial templates. The phase evolution from BiOCl to Bi24O31Cl10 was easily realized by heating the former at 600 °C. With a uniform diameter of about 200 nm, an average shell thickness of 40 nm, and basic nanosheets of <20 nm, the hollow microspheres of both BiOCl and Bi24O31Cl10 showed high visible light photocatalytic activity towards the degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB). Besides the effective photosensitization process and efficient photointroduced carrier separation, the high photocatalytic activity was believed to result from their hollow-structuredependent large visible light absorption. Moreover, as a chlorine-deficient analogue, the Bi24O31Cl10 hollow spheres possessed a narrower band gap, more dispersive band structure, and higher photocarrier conversion efficiency, which further helped them to exhibit better photocatalytic activity.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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