Multi-walled carbon nanotubes covalently functionalized by axially coordinated metal-porphyrins: Facile syntheses and temporally dependent optical performance
metal-porphyrin, axially coordinated, multi-walled carbon nanotubes, facile syntheses, optical performance, cycloaddition
Axially coordinated metal-porphyrin-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) nanohybrids were prepared via two different synthetic approaches (a one-pot 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction and a stepwise approach that involved 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition followed by nucleophilic substitution), and characterized through spectroscopic techniques. Attachment of the tin porphyrins to the surface of the MWCNTs significantly improves their solubility and ease of processing. These axially coordinated (5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrinato)tin(IV) (SnTPP)- MWCNTs exhibit significant fluorescence quenching. The third-order nonlinear optical properties of the resultant nanohybrids were studied by using the Z-scan technique at 532 nm with both nanosecond and picosecond laser pulses. The results show that the nanohybrids exhibit significant reverse saturable absorption or saturable absorption when nanosecond or picosecond pulses, respectively, are employed. Improvement in the nanosecond regime nonlinear absorption is observed on proceeding to the nanohybrids and is ascribed to a combination of the outstanding properties of MWCNTs and the chemically attached metal-porphyrins.
Tsinghua University Press
Aijian Wang,Jingbao Song,Zhipeng Huang,Yinglin Song,Wang Yu,Huanli Dong,Wenping Hu,Marie P. Cifuentes,Mark G. Humphrey,Long Zhang,Jianda Shao,Chi Zhang, Multi-walled carbon nanotubes covalently functionalized by axially coordinated metal-porphyrins: Facile syntheses and temporally dependent optical performance. NanoRes.2016, 9(2): 458–472