Defects as a factor limiting carrier mobility in WSe2: A spectroscopic investigation
two-dimensional materials, tungsten diselenide, structural defects, photoluminescence spectroscopy, mobility
ABSTRACT The electrical performance of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) is strongly affected by the number of structural defects. In this work, we provide an optical spectroscopic characterization approach to correlate the number of structural defects and the electrical performance of WSe2 devices. Low-temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectra of electron-beam-lithographyprocessed WSe2 exhibit a clear defect-induced PL emission due to excitons bound to defects, which would strongly degrade the electrical performance. By adopting an electron-beam-free transfer-electrode technique, we successfully prepared a backgated WSe2 device containing a limited amount of defects. A maximum hole mobility of approximately 200 cm2·V–1·s–1 was achieved because of the reduced scattering sources, which is the highest reported value for this type of device. This work provides not only a versatile and nondestructive method to monitor the defects in TMDs but also a new route to approach the room-temperature phonon-limited mobility in high-performance TMD devices.
Tsinghua University Press
Zhangting Wu,Zhongzhong Luo,Yuting Shen,Weiwei Zhao,Wenhui Wang,Haiyan Nan,Xitao Guo,Litao Sun,Xinran Wang,Yumeng You,Zhenhua Ni, Defects as a factor limiting carrier mobility in WSe2: A spectroscopic investigation. NanoRes.2016, 9(12): 3622–3631