Nano Research

Article Title

Direct self-assembly of CTAB-capped Au nanotriangles


suprastructure, Au, nanotriangles, self-assembly, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)


ABSTRACT Densely packed and ordered “suprastructures” are new types of nanomaterials exhibiting broad applications. The direct self-assembly of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-capped gold nanotriangles to form “suprastructures” was systematically investigated by varying the temperature and tilt angle of the silicon wafer used in the assembly process. Under optimal conditions, nanotriangles form into regular patterns, maintain their integrity, and form edge-to-edge, point-to-point, and face-to-face connections to form ordered “suprastructures” within an area of hundreds of square microns, achieving a high level of regularity. The formation of the “suprastructures” under optimal conditions could be mainly attributed to the complex balance between multiple temperature-dependent factors, including the atom diffusion rate, solvent evaporation rate, self-assembly rate, and the time for which the nanoparticle stays in the wet medium.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press