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Nano Research

Article Title

Solution processed inorganic V2O x as interfacial function materials for inverted planar-heterojunction perovskite solar cells with enhanced efficiency

Keywords

perovskite solar cells, vanadium oxide, hole transport layer, band alignment, hysteresis

Abstract

ABSTRACT An inverted planar heterojunction perovskite solar cell (PSC) is one of the most competitive photovoltaic devices exhibiting a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) and nearly free hysteresis in the voltage–current output. However, the band alignment between the transport materials and the perovskite absorber has not been optimized, resulting in a lower open-circuit voltage (Voc) than that of regular PSCs. To address this issue, we tune the band alignment in perovskite photovoltaic architecture by introducing bilayer structured transport materials, e.g., the hole transport material poly(ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)/V2O5. In this study, solution processed inorganic V2Ox interlayer is incorporated into PEDOT:PSS for achieving improved film surface properties as well as optical and electrical properties. For example, the work function (WF) was changed from 5.1 to 5.4 eV. A remarkably high PCE of 17.5% with nearly free hysteresis and a stabilized efficiency of 17.1% have been achieved. Electronic impedance spectra (EIS) demonstrate a significant increase in the recombination resistance after introducing the interlayer, associated with the high Voc output value of 1.05 V. Transient photocurrent and photovoltage measurements indicate that a comparable charge transport process and an inhibited recombination process occur in the PSC with the introduction of the V2Ox interlayer.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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