Nano Research

Article Title

A facile “ship-in-a-bottle” approach to construct nanorattles based on upconverting lanthanide-doped fluorides


nanorattle, upconverting luminescence, lanthanide-doped fluoride, hollow mesoporous silica, organosilica, drug release


Rattle structure is a topic of great interest in design and application of nanomaterials due to the unique core@void@shell architecture and the integration of functions. Herein, we developed a novel “ship-in-a-bottle” method to fabricate upconverting (UC) luminescent nanorattles by incorporating lanthanide-doped fluorides into hollow mesoporous silica. The size of nanorattles and the filling amount of fluorides can be well controlled. In addition, the modification of silica shell (with phenylene and amine groups) and the variation of efficient UC fluorides (NaYF4:Yb,Er, NaLuF4:Yb,Er, NaGdF4:Yb,Er and LiYF4:Yb,Er) were readily achieved. The resulting nanorattles exhibited a high capacity and pH-dependent release of the anti-cancer drug doxorubicin (DOX). Furthermore, we employed these nanorattles in proof-of-concept UC-monitoring drug release by utilizing the energy transfer process from UC fluorides to DOX, thus revealing the great potential of the nanorattles as efficient cancer theranostic agent.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press