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Nano Research

Article Title

Confined growth of Li4Ti5O12 nanoparticles in nitrogen-doped mesoporous graphene fibers for high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes

Keywords

lithium titanate, nitrogen-doped porous graphene fibers, lithium-ion batteries

Abstract

Nanomaterials with electrochemical activity are always suffering from aggregations, particularly during the high-temperature synthesis processes, which will lead to decreased energy-storage performance. Here, hierarchically structured lithium titanate/nitrogen-doped porous graphene fiber nanocomposites were synthesized by using confined growth of Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) nanoparticles in nitrogen-doped mesoporous graphene fibers (NPGF). NPGFs with uniform pore structure are used as templates for hosting LTO precursors, followed by high-temperature treatment at 800 °C under argon (Ar). LTO nanoparticles with size of several nanometers are successfully synthesized in the mesopores of NPGFs, forming nanostructured LTO/NPGF composite fibers. As an anode material for lithium-ion batteries, such nanocomposite architecture offers effective electron and ion transport, and robust structure. Such nanocomposites in the electrodes delivered a high reversible capacity (164 mAh·g–1 at 0.3 C), excellent rate capability (102 mAh·g–1 at 10 C), and long cycling stability.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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