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Nano Research

Article Title

First-principles calculations of the dissolution and coalescence properties of Pt nanoparticle ORR catalysts: The effect of nanoparticle shape

Keywords

Pt nanoparticle ORR catalyst, density functional theory, shape, dissolution, coalescence, stability

Abstract

The degradation of Pt nanoparticles (NPs) in fuel cell cathodes leads to the loss of the precious metal catalyst. While the effect of NP size on Pt dissolution has been studied extensively, the influence of NP shape is largely unexplored. Because of the recent development of experimental methods to control the shape of metal NPs, rational guidelines/insights on the shape effects on NP stability are imperative. In this study, first-principles calculations based on density functional theory were conducted to determine the stability of 1–2 nm Pt NPs against Pt dissolution and coalescence with respect to NP shape. Toward dissolution, the stability of the Pt NPs increases in the following order: Hexagonal close-packed < icosahedral < cuboctahedral < truncated octahedral. This trend is attributed to the synergy of the oxygen adsorption strength and the local coordination of the Pt atoms. With respect to coalescence, the size of a NP is related to its propensity to coalesce or detach/migrate to form larger particles. The stability of the Pt NPs was found to increase in the following order: Hexagonal close-packed < truncated octahedral < cuboctahedral < icosahedral, and was correlated with the cohesive energies of the particles. By combining the characteristic stabilities of the shapes, new “metal-interfaced” Pt-based coreshell architectures were proposed that should be more stable than pure Pt nanoparticles with respect to both dissolution and coalescence.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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