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Nano Research

Article Title

Sweet plasmonics: Sucrose macrocrystals of metal nanoparticles

Authors

Talha Erdem, Departments of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Physics, UNAMNational Nanotechnology Research Center, and Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800, Turkey
Zeliha Soran-Erdem, Departments of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Physics, UNAMNational Nanotechnology Research Center, and Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800, Turkey
Pedro Ludwig Hernandez-Martinez, Departments of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Physics, UNAMNational Nanotechnology Research Center, and Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800, Turkey School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798, Singapore
Vijay Kumar Sharma, Departments of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Physics, UNAMNational Nanotechnology Research Center, and Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800, Turkey
Halil Akcali, Departments of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Physics, UNAMNational Nanotechnology Research Center, and Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800, Turkey
Ibrahim Akcali, Departments of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Physics, UNAMNational Nanotechnology Research Center, and Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800, Turkey
Nikolai Gaponik, Physical Chemistry, TU Dresden, Bergstrasse 66b, D-01062 Dresden, Germany
Alexander Eychmüller, Physical Chemistry, TU Dresden, Bergstrasse 66b, D-01062 Dresden, Germany
Hilmi Volkan Demir, Departments of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Physics, UNAMNational Nanotechnology Research Center, and Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800, Turkey School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798, Singapore

Keywords

plasmonics, macrocrystals, metal nanoparticles, metal enhanced fluorescence, colloidal quantum dots

Abstract

The realization of plasmonic structures generally necessitates expensive fabrication techniques, such as electron beam and focused ion beam lithography, allowing for the top-down fabrication of low-dimensional structures. Another approach to make plasmonic structures in a bottom-up fashion is colloidal synthesis, which is convenient for liquid-state applications or very thin solid films where aggregation problems are an important challenge. The architectures prepared using these methods are typically not robust enough for easy handling and convenient integration. Therefore, developing a new plasmonic robust platform having large-scale dimensions without adversely affecting the plasmonic features is in high demand. As a solution, here we present a new plasmonic composite structure consisting of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) incorporated into sucrose macrocrystals on a large scale, while preserving the plasmonic nature of the Au NPs and providing robustness in handling at the same time. As a proof of concept demonstration, we present the fluorescence enhancement of green CdTe quantum dots (QDs) via plasmonic coupling with these Au NPs in the sucrose crystals. The obtained composite material exhibits centimeter scale dimensions and the resulting quantum efficiency (QE) is enhanced via the interplay between the Au NPs and CdTe QDs by 58% (from 24% to 38%). Moreover, a shortening in the photoluminescence lifetime from 11.0 to 7.40 ns, which corresponds to a field enhancement factor of 2.4, is observed upon the introduction of Au NPs into the QD incorporated macrocrystals. These results suggest that such “sweet” plasmonic crystals are promising for large-scale robust platforms to embed plasmonic nanoparticles.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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