Dicarboxylate CaC8H4O4 as a high-performance anode for Li-ion batteries
calcium terephthalate, carboxylate, Li-ion batteries, organic electrode
Currently, many organic materials are being considered as electrode materials and display good electrochemical behavior. However, the most critical issues related to the wide use of organic electrodes are their low thermal stability and poor cycling performance due to their high solubility in electrolytes. Focusing on one of the most conventional carboxylate organic materials, namely lithium terephthalate Li2C8H4O4, we tackle these typical disadvantages via modifying its molecular structure by cation substitution. CaC8H4O4 and Al2(C8H4O4)3 are prepared via a facile cation exchange reaction. Of these, CaC8H4O4 presents the best cycling performance with thermal stability up to 570 °C and capacity of 399 mA·h·g–1, without any capacity decay in the voltage window of 0.005–3.0 V. The molecular, crystal structure, and morphology of CaC8H4O4 are retained during cycling. This cation-substitution strategy brings new perspectives in the synthesis of new materials as well as broadening the applications of organic materials in Li/Na-ion batteries.
Tsinghua University Press
Liping Wang,Haiquan Zhang,Chengxu Mou,Qianling Cui,Qijiu Deng,Jing Xue,Xinyi Dai,Jingze Li, Dicarboxylate CaC8H4O4 as a high-performance anode for Li-ion batteries. NanoRes.2015, 8(2): 523–532