One-dimensional manganese borate hydroxide nanorods and the corresponding manganese oxyborate nanorods as promising anodes for lithium ion batteries
one-dimensional, manganese borate hydroxide, manganese oxyborate, lithium ion battery
Novel manganese and boron containing nanomaterials have been investigated for applications in rechargeable lithium ion batteries (LIBs) in recent years owing since they are more environmentally-benign and more abundant in nature than the materials currently employed. In this study, one-dimensional (1D) Mn3B7O13OH nanorods and MnBO2OH nanorod bundles were controllably fabricated by using NH4HB4O7 and Mn(NO3)2 as reagents via a hydrothermal or solvothermal process, respectively, without any surfactants or templates at 220 ° C. It is interesting to find that both materials are transformed into Mn2OBO3 nanorods/nanorod bundles by subsequent calcination. The formation processes of the above 1D borate containing products were investigated and the as-obtained four kinds of borates were studied as novel anode materials. It was found that the Mn2OBO3 nanorods displayed the best performance among the four borates, delivering an initial discharge capacitiy of 1,172 mAh·g–1 at 100 mA·g–1 , and 724 mAh·g–1 could be retained after 120 cycles. A full battery composed of a Mn2OBO3 nanorod anode and a commercial LiFePO4 (or LiCoO2) cathode has also been assembled for the first time, which delivered an initial discharge capacity of 949 mAh·g–1 (779 mAh·g–1 for LiCoO2). The excellent cycle and rate performances of the products reveal their potential applications as anodes for LIBs.
Tsinghua University Press
Aihua Li,Liqiang Xu,Shouli Li,Yanyan He,Ranran Zhang,Yanjun Zhai, One-dimensional manganese borate hydroxide nanorods and the corresponding manganese oxyborate nanorods as promising anodes for lithium ion batteries. NanoRes.2015, 8(2): 554–565