Nano Research

Article Title

Thermoelectric transport across graphene/hexagonal boron nitride/graphene heterostructures


graphene, boron nitride, 2D materials, heterostructure, thermoelectric


We report thermoelectric transport measurements across a graphene/hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN)/graphene heterostructure device. Using an AC lock-in technique, we are able to separate the thermoelectric contribution to the I–V characteristics of these important device structures. The temperature gradient is measured optically using Raman spectroscopy, which enables us to explore thermoelectric transport produced at material interfaces, across length scales of just 1–2 nm. Based on the observed thermoelectric voltage (∆V) and tem- perature gradient (∆T), a Seebeck coefficient of –99.3 μV/K is ascertained for the heterostructure device. The obtained Seebeck coefficient can be useful for understanding the thermoelectric component in the cross-plane I–V behaviors of emerging 2D heterostructure devices. These results provide an approach to probing thermoelectric energy conversion in two-dimensional layered heterostructures.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press