One-pot synthesis of Bi2Se3 nanostructures with rationally tunable morphologies
shape control, Bi2Se3 nanostructures, supersaturation, mechanism study
Shape control has proven to be a powerful and versatile means of tailoring the properties of Bi2Se3 nanostructures for a wide variety of applications. Here, three different Bi2Se3 nanostructures, i.e., spiral-type nanoplates, smooth nanoplates, and dendritic nanostructures, were prepared by manipulating the supersaturation level in the synthetic system. This mechanism study indicated that, at low supersaturation, defects in the crystal growth could cause a step edge upon which Bi2Se3 particles were added continuously, leading to the formation of spiral-type nanoplates. At intermediate supersaturation, the aggregation of amorphous Bi2Se3 particles and subsequent recrystallization resulted in the formation of smooth nanoplates. Furthermore, at high supersaturation, polycrystalline Bi2Se3 cores formed initially, on which anisotropic growth of Bi2Se3 occurred. This work not only advances our understanding of the growth mechanism but also offers a new approach to control the morphology of Bi2Se3 nanostructures.
Tsinghua University Press
Xianli Liu,Jinwei Xu,Zhicheng Fang,Lin Lin,Yu Qian,Youcheng Wang,Chunmiao Ye,Chao Ma,Jie Zeng, One-pot synthesis of Bi2Se3 nanostructures with rationally tunable morphologies. NanoRes.2015, 8(11): 3612–3620