Basic science of water: Challenges and current status towards a molecular picture
water, molecular structure, surface water, water treatment, nanotechnology, water properties
Rapid developments in both fundamental science and modern technology that target water-related problems, including the physical nature of our planet and environment, the origin of life, energy production via water splitting, and water purification, all call for a molecular-level understanding of water. This invokes relentless efforts to further our understanding of the basic science of water. Current challenges to achieve a molecular picture of the peculiar properties and behavior of water are discussed herein, with a particular focus on the structure and dynamics of bulk and surface water, the molecular mechanisms of water wetting and splitting, application-oriented research on water decontamination and desalination, and the development of complementary techniques for probing water at the nanoscale.
Tsinghua University Press
Sheng Meng,Lauren F. Greenlee,Yuen Ron Shen,Enge Wang, Basic science of water: Challenges and current status towards a molecular picture. NanoRes.2015, 8(10): 3085–3110