Nano Research

Article Title

Large-scale synthesis of single-source, thermally stable, and dual-emissive Mn-doped Zn–Cu–In–S nanocrystals for bright white light-emitting diodes


white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs), nanocrystals, cadmium free, Mn-doped Zn–Cu–In–S, lighting


ABSTRACT The global demand for resource sustainability is growing. Thus, the development of single-source, environment-friendly colloidal semiconductor nanocrystal (NC) phosphors with broadband emission spectra is highly desirable for use as color converters in white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs). We report herein the gram-scale synthesis of single-source, cadmium-free, dual-emissive Mn-doped Zn–Cu–In–S NCs (d-dots) by a simple, non-injection, low-cost, one-pot approach. This synthesis method led to the formation of NCs with continuously varying compositions in a radial direction because each precursor had a different reactivity. Consequently, the d-dots exhibited two emission bands, one that could be attributed to Mn emission and a second that could be ascribed to the band edge of the Zn–Cu–In–S NCs. The emission peaks assigned to band edge were tunable by modifying the particle size and composition. The prepared d-dots also exhibited the characteristic zero self-absorption, a quantum yield of 46%, and good thermal stability. Combining a commercial blue light-emitting diode (LED) chip with optimized d-dots as color converters gave a high color rendering index of up to 90, Commission Internationale de l’eclairage color coordinates of (0.332, 0.321), and a correlated color temperature of 5,680 K. These results suggest that cadmium-free, thermally stable, single-phase d-dot phosphors have potential applications in WLEDs.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press