An efficient and surface-benign purification scheme for colloidal nanocrystals based on quantitative assessment
colloidal nanocrystals, purification, metal carboxylates, ligands, chloroform-acetonitrile
General application of “greener methods” to the synthesis of monodisperse colloidal nanocrystals introduces impurities, including metal carboxylate precursors, non-volatile solvents, free ligands, and non-nanocrystalline side products. These impurities seriously diminish the solution processability and potential applications of colloidal nanocrystals. A protocol was established for evaluating purification schemes. The results revealed that commonly applied purification schemes and their variants do not exhibit a high level of performance and may degrade the ligand surface coverage. A new scheme involving chloroform– acetonitrile precipitation quantitatively removed all impurities from colloidal solutions of CdSe and CdS nanocrystals coated with a variety of carboxylate ligands. The new scheme was benign to the surface structure of nanocrystal-ligands complexes and resulted in each nanocrystal bearing a close-packed monolayer of carboxylate ligands.
Tsinghua University Press
Yu Yang,Jiongzhao Li,Long Lin,Xiaogang Peng, An efficient and surface-benign purification scheme for colloidal nanocrystals based on quantitative assessment. NanoRes.2015, 8(10): 3353–3364