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Nano Research

Article Title

Dipole-moment-induced effect on contact electrification for triboelectric nanogenerators

Keywords

triboelectric nanogenerator, modulation, dipole moment

Abstract

Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) have been demonstrated as an effective way to harvest mechanical energy to drive small electronics. The density of triboelectric charges generated on contact surfaces between two distinct materials is a critical factor for dictating the output power. We demonstrate an approach to effectively tune the triboelectric properties of materials by taking advantage of the dipole moment in polarized polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), leading to substantial enhancement of the output power density of the TENG. The output voltage ranged from 72 V to 215 V under a constant contact force of 50 N. This work not only provides a new method of enhancing output power of TENGs, but also offers an insight into charge transfer in contact electrification by investigating dipole-moment-induced effects on the electrical output of TENGs.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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