Synthesis of hexagonal and triangular Fe3O4 nanosheets via seed-mediated solvothermal growth
Fe3O4 nanocrystal, solvothermal synthesis, anisotropic growth, twin plane
ABSTRACT Hexagonal and triangular monodisperse Fe3O4 nanosheets have been synthesized via a two-step microemulsion solvothermal approach in which uniform Fe3O4 nanoparticles are first prepared and then these hydrophobic nanocrystals are dispersed in a uniform microemulsion environment as “seeds” for further re-growth through a secondary solvothermal process. The growth of anisotropic morphologies has been explained by the presence and orientation of twin planes in the face-centered cubic Fe3O4 which direct the shape of the growing particles. In particular, reentrant grooves resulting from twin planes are favorable sites for the addition of adatoms, leading to anisotropic growth. Triangular nanosheets are believed to contain one twin face which directs the growth of the primary particles in two dimensions. Hexagonal nanosheets are believed to contain two parallel planes that allow the growth edges to regenerate one another. The growth mechanism is evidenced by the analysis of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) results and the as-prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles have been shown to be an effective catalyst in the synthesis of quinoxaline.
Tsinghua University Press
Chunhui Li,Ruixue Wei,Yanmin Xu,Ailing Sun,Liuhe Wei, Synthesis of hexagonal and triangular Fe3O4 nanosheets via seed-mediated solvothermal growth. NanoRes.null