Functional nanogenerators as vibration sensors enhanced by piezotronic effects
functional nanogenerator, ZnO nanowires arrays, piezotronic effects, piezoelectric effects, vibration sensor
ZnO nanomaterials have been shown to have novel applications in optoelectronics, energy harvesting and piezotronics, due to their coupled semiconducting and piezoelectric properties. Here a functional nanogenerator (FNG) based on ZnO nanowire arrays has been fabricated, which can be employed to detect vibration in both self-powered (SP) and external-powered (EP) modes. In SP mode, the vibration responses of the FNG can be measured through converting mechanical energy directly into an electrical signal. The FNG shows consistent alternating current responses (relative error < 0.37%) at regular frequencies from 1 to 15 Hz. In EP mode, the current responses of FNG are significantly enhanced via the piezotronic effect. Under a forward bias of 3 V, the sensor presented a sensitivity of 3700% and an accurate measurement (relative error < 0.91%) of vibration frequencies in the range 0.05–15 Hz. The results show that this type of functional nanogenerator sensor can detect vibration in both SP and EP modes according to the demands of the applications.
Tsinghua University Press
Zheng Zhang,Qingliang Liao,Xiaoqin Yan,Zhong Lin Wang,Wenduo Wang,Xu Sun,Pei Lin,Yunhua Huang,Yue Zhang, Functional nanogenerators as vibration sensors enhanced by piezotronic effects. NanoRes.2014, 7(2): 190–198