Hierarchical TiO2-B nanowire@α-Fe2O3 nanothorn core-branch arrays as superior electrodes for lithium-ion microbatteries
TiO2-B, Fe2O3, nanowire arrays, hierarchical, hybrid, microbatteries
This paper reports a simple yet efficient method for the synthesis of hierarchical TiO2-B nanowire@α-Fe2O3 nanothorn core–branch arrays based on a stepwise hydrothermal approach. The as-fabricated hybrid arrays show impressive performance as a high-capacity anode for lithium-ion batteries. The key design in this study is a core–branch hybrid architecture, which not only provides large surface active sites for lithium ion insertion/extraction, but also enables fast charge transport owing to the reduced diffusion paths for both electrons and lithium ions. The peculiar combination of attributes of TiO2 (good structural stability) and Fe2O3 (large specific capacity) provides the hybrid array electrodes with several desirable electrochemical features: large reversible capacity (~800 mA·h·g–1 for specific mass capacity and ~750 μA·h·cm–2 for specific areal capacity), good cycling stability, and high rate capability. The impressive electrochemical performance, together with the facile synthesis procedure, may provide an efficient platform to integrate the TiO2 nanowire@Fe2O3 nanothorn core–branch arrays as a three-dimensional thin film electrode for lithium-ion microbatteries.
Tsinghua University Press
Hui Xia,Wen Xiong,Chiew Keat Lim,Qiaofeng Yao,Yadong Wang,Jianping Xie, Hierarchical TiO2-B nanowire@α-Fe2O3 nanothorn core-branch arrays as superior electrodes for lithium-ion microbatteries. NanoRes.2014, 7(12): 1797–1808