Highly stretchable pseudocapacitors based on buckled reticulate hybrid electrodes
single-walled carbon nanotubes, supercapacitor, stretchability, all-solid-state, nanocomposites, polyaniline
In order to develop an excellent pseudocapacitor with both high specific capacitance and outstanding stretchability to match with other devices applicable in future wearable and bio-implantable systems, we focus our studies on three vital aspects: Stretchability of hybrid film electrodes, the interface between different components, and the integrated performance in stretchability and electrochemistry of supercapacitors based on single-walled carbon nanotube/ polyaniline (SWCNT/PANI) composite films on pre-elongated elastomers. Owing to the moderate porosity, the buckled hybrid film avoids the cracking which occurs in conventional stretchable hybrid electrodes, and both a high specific capacitance of 435 F·g–1 and a high strain tolerance of 140% have been achieved. The good SWCNT/PANI interfacial coupling and the reinforced solid electrolyte penetration structure enable the integrated pseudocapacitors to have stretch- resistant interfaces between different units and maintain a high performance under a stretching of 120% elongation, even after 1,000 cyclic elongations.
Tsinghua University Press
Nan Zhang,Pingshan Luan,Weiya Zhou,Qiang Zhang,Le Cai,Xiao Zhang,Wenbin Zhou,Qingxia Fan,Feng Yang,Duan Zhao,Yanchun Wang,Sishen Xie, Highly stretchable pseudocapacitors based on buckled reticulate hybrid electrodes. NanoRes.2014, 7(11): 1680–1690