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Nano Research

Article Title

Rationally designed carbon-coated Fe3O4 coaxial nanotubes with hierarchical porosity as high-rate anodes for lithium ion batteries

Keywords

nanotube, carbon, Fe3O4, rate capability, cycle stability

Abstract

Fe3O4 is a promising high-capacity anode material for lithium ion batteries, but challenges including short cycle life and low rate capability hinder its widespread implementation. In this work, a well-defined tubular structure constructed by carbon-coated Fe3O4 has been successfully fabricated with hierarchically porous structure, high surface area, and suitable thickness of carbon layer. Such purposely designed hybrid nanostructures have an enhanced electronic/ionic conductivity, stable electrode/electrolyte interface, and physical buffering effect arising from the nanoscale combination of carbon with Fe3O4, as well as the hollow, aligned and hierarchically porous architectures. When used as an anode material for a lithium-ion half cell, the carbon-coated hierarchical Fe3O4 nanotubes showed excellent cycling performance with a specific capacity of 1,020 mAh·g–1 at 200 mA·g–1 after 150 cycles, a capacity retention of ca. 103%. Even at a higher current density of 1,000 mA·g–1, a capacity of 840 mAh·g–1 is retained after 300 cycles with no capacity loss. In particular, a superior rate capability can be obtained with a stable capacity of 355 mAh·g–1 at 8,000 mA·g–1. The encouraging results indicate that hierarchically tubular hybrid nanostructures can have important implications for the development of high-rate electrodes for future rechargeable lithium ion batteries (LIBs).

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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