Nano Research

Article Title

Composites of graphene and encapsulated silicon for practically viable high-performance lithium-ion batteries


silicon nanoparticles, graphene nanoplatelets, phloroglucinol– formaldehyde gel, lithium-ion batteries


A facile and scalable approach to synthesize silicon composite anodes has been developed by encapsulating Si particles via in situ polymerization and carbonization of phloroglucinol–formaldehyde gel, followed by incorporation of graphene nanoplatelets. As a result of its structural integrity, high packing density and an intimate electrical contact consolidated by the conductive networks, the composite anode yielded excellent electrochemical performance in terms of charge storage capability, cycling life and coulombic efficiency. A half cell achieved reversible capacities of 1,600 mAh·g–1 and 1,000 mAh·g–1 at 0.5 A·g–1 and 2.1 A·g–1, respectively, while retaining more than 70% of the initial capacities over 1,000 cycles. Complete lithium-ion pouch cells coupling the anode with a lithium metal oxide cathode demonstrated excellent cycling performance and energy output, representing significant advance in developing Si-based electrode for practical application in high-performance lithium-ion batteries.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press