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#### Article Title

Spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode for rechargeable lithiumion batteries: Nano vs micro, ordered phase (P4332) vs disordered phase (Fd $$\bar 3$$ m)

#### Keywords

spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4, nanomaterials, microstructures, crystal phases, lithium-ion batteries

#### Abstract

ABSTRACT Since the high-voltage spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) is one of the most attractive cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, how to improve the cycling and rate performance simultaneously has become a critical question. Nanosizing is a typical strategy to achieve high rate capability due to drastically shortened Li- ion diffusion distances. However, the high surface area of nanosized particles increases the side reaction with the electrolyte, which leads to poor cycling performance. Spinels with disordered structures could also lead to improved rate capability, but the cyclability is low due to the presence of Mn3+ ions. Herein, we systematically investigated the synergic interaction between particle size and cation ordering. Our results indicated that a microsized disordered phase and a nanosized ordered phase of LNMO materials exhibited the best combination of high rate capability and cycling performance.

#### Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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