One-step scalable preparation of N-doped nanoporous carbon as a high-performance electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction
oxygen reduction reaction, nitrogen-doping, porous carbon
ABSTRACT N-doped porous carbon materials have been prepared by a simple one-step pyrolysis of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and melamine in the presence of KOH and Co(NO3)2•6H2O. The combination of the high specific area (1485 m2•g–1), high nitrogen content (10.8%) and suitable graphitic degree results in catalysts exhibiting high activity (with onset and half-wave potentials of 0.88 and 0.79 V vs the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE), respectively) and four-electron selectivity for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline medium—comparable to a commercial Pt/C catalyst, but far exceeding Pt/C in stability and durability. Owing to their superb ORR performance, low cost and facile preparation, the catalysts have great potential applications in fuel cells, metal–air batteries, and ORR-related electrochemical industries.
Tsinghua University Press
Zhenyu Liu,Guoxin Zhang,Zhiyi Lu,Xiuyan Jin,Zheng Chang,Xiaoming Sun, One-step scalable preparation of N-doped nanoporous carbon as a high-performance electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction. NanoRes.2013, 6(4): 293–301