Au+-cetyltrimethylammonium bromide solution: A novel precursor for seed-mediated growth of gold nanoparticles in aqueous solution
Au+–cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) solution, precursor, seed-mediated growth, gold nanoparticles
The appropriate choice of chemical composition of a metallic precursor, which produces the basic structure units in the growth process of nanocrystals, is a high priority in the synthesis of metal—especially Au—nanoparticles. In the present work, Au seeds (prepared by the reduction of Au3+ solution with NaBH4 in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)) have been used to initiate the growth of Au nanoparticles from two different Au precursors. When an aqueous Au+ solution prepared in the presence of CTAB micelles was treated with ascorbic acid in the presence of the gold seeds, a high yield (up to 92%) of gold nanoparticles was obtained. By varying the volume of the seed solution with a fixed amount of Au+, we can effectively control the morphological transformation of the resulting Au nanoparticles from cubes to octahedra. When an aqueous Au3+ solution was prepared in the presence of CTAB micelles and treated with ascorbic acid in the presence of the gold seeds, smaller yields of Au nanoparticles were obtained. A preliminary growth mechanism has been proposed based on the changes induced by varying the amount of ascorbic acid and the ratio of the concentration of Au+ to the number of seeds.
Tsinghua University Press
Chaoyu Li,Fengru Fan,Bingsheng Yin,Liang Chen,Tapan Ganguly,Zhongqun Tian, Au+-cetyltrimethylammonium bromide solution: A novel precursor for seed-mediated growth of gold nanoparticles in aqueous solution. NanoRes.2013, 6(1): 29–37