Nano Research

Article Title

Simultaneous growth mechanisms for Cu-seeded InP nanowires


Nanowires, MOVPE, MOCVD, epitaxy, InP, Cu seed particle


ABSTRACT We report on epitaxial growth of InP nanowires (NWs) from Cu seed particles by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE). Vertically-aligned straight nanowires can be achieved in a limited temperature range between 340 °C and 370 °C as reported earlier. In this paper we present the effect of the Ⅴ/Ⅲ ratio on nanowire morphology, growth rate, and particle configuration at a growth temperature of 350 °C. Two regimes can be observed in the investigated range of molar fractions. At high Ⅴ/Ⅲ ratios nanowires grow from a solid Cu2In particle. At low Ⅴ/Ⅲ ratios, nanowire growth from two particle types occurs simultaneously: Growth from solid Cu2In particles, and significantly faster growth from In-rich particles. We discuss a possible growth mechanism relying on a dynamic interplay between vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) and vapor–solid–solid (VSS) growth. Our results bring us one step closer to the replacement of Au as seed particle material as well as towards a deeper understanding of particle-assisted nanowire growth.

Graphical Abstract


Tsinghua University Press