Facile fabrication of all-SWNT field-effect transistors
Single-walled carbon nanotube, field-effect transistor, patterned synthesis, self-assembled monolayer, Schottky barrier, interfacial dipole
Field-effect transistors (FETs) have been fabricated using as-grown single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) for the channel as well as both source and drain electrodes. The underlying Si substrate was employed as the back-gate electrode. Fabrication consisted of patterned catalyst deposition by surface modification followed by dip-coating and synthesis of SWNTs by alcohol chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The electrodes and channel were grown simultaneously in one CVD process. The resulting FETs exhibited excellent performance, with an ION/IOFF ratio of 106 and a maximum ON-state current (ION) exceeding 13 μA. The large ION is attributed to SWNT bundles connecting the SWNT channel with the SWNT electrodes. Bundling creates a large contact area, which results in a small contact resistance despite the presence of Schottky barriers at metallic–semiconducting interfaces. The approach described here demonstrates a significant step toward the realization of metal-free electronics.
Tsinghua University Press
Shinya Aikawa,Rong Xiang,Erik Einarsson,Shohei Chiashi,Junichiro Shiomi,Eiichi Nishikawa,Shigeo Maruyama, Facile fabrication of all-SWNT field-effect transistors. NanoRes.2011, 4(6): 580–588