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Nano Research

Article Title

Encapsulation of supported Pt nanoparticles with mesoporous silica for increased catalyst stability

Keywords

Supported catalyst, resistance to sintering, carbon monoxide adsorption, olefin conversion, surface-protected etching, mesoporous silica

Abstract

A new synthetic strategy has been developed to encapsulate supported Pt nanoparticles in heterogeneous catalysts to prevent their sintering. Model catalysts were first prepared by dispersing ~3-nm Pt nanoparticles on ~120-nm silica beads. These were then covered with a fresh layer of mesoporous silica, a few tens of nanometers thick, and etched to re-expose the metal surface to the reaction mixtures. TEM images were used to confirm the success of each of the synthesis steps, and both CO titrations and kinetic measurements for the catalytic conversion of cisand trans-2-butenes with hydrogen were employed to test the degree of re-activation of the catalyst obtained after the etching treatment, which had to be tuned to give simultaneous maximum activity and maximum catalyst stability. The resulting encapsulated platinum nanoparticles were shown to resist sintering during calcination at temperatures as high as 1075 K, whereas the unprotected catalysts were seen to sinter by 875 K.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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