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Nano Research

Article Title

Theoretical and experimental studies of Schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes

Authors

Xinning Ho, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute, and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
Lina Ye, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute, and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
Slava V. Rotkin, Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 and Centre for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015, USA
Xu Xie, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute, and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
Frank Du, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute, and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
Simon Dunham, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute, and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
Jana Zaumseil, Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA
John A. Rogers, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute, and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA

Keywords

Schottky diodes, aligned arrays, single-walled carbon nanotubes

Abstract

We present theoretical and experimental studies of Schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes. A simple physical model, taking into account the basic physics of current rectification, can adequately describe the single-tube and array devices. We show that for as-grown array diodes, the rectification ratio, defined by the maximum-to-minimum-current-ratio, is low due to the presence of metallic-single-walled nanotube (SWNT) shunts. These tubes can be eliminated in a single voltage sweep resulting in a high rectification array device. Further analysis also shows that the channel resistance, and not the intrinsic nanotube diode properties, limits the rectification in devices with channel length up to 10 μm.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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