Selective suspension in aqueous sodium dodecyl sulfate according to electronic structure type allows simple separation of metallic from semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes
Single-walled carbon nanotubes, metallic–semiconducting separation, electrophoresis, density gradient centrifugation, size exclusion chromatography
Both density gradient centrifugation and gel electrophoresis have been reported to allow high throughput separation of metallic from semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) when using aqueous sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) suspensions. We show here that both methods rely on an initial dispersionby- sonication step, which is already selective with respect to electronic structure type. The corresponding aqueous SDS “starting” suspensions obtained after sonication and purifi cation by simple centrifugation (70,000 g, 1 h) contain semiconducting SWNTs primarily in the form of small bundles whereas metallic SWNTs are predominantly suspended as individual tubes. Density gradient centrifugation then separates the bundles from the individual tubes on the basis of differences in their overall buoyant densities. Gel electrophoresis separates the longer bundles from the shorter individual tubes on the basis of their different mobilities. We also demonstrate that such starting suspensions can be fractionated according to electronic structure type by even simpler techniques such as size exclusion chromatography or gel fi ltration, thus opening the way for simple scale-up.
Tsinghua University Press
Kai Moshammer,Frank Hennrich,Manfred M. Kappes, Selective suspension in aqueous sodium dodecyl sulfate according to electronic structure type allows simple separation of metallic from semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes. NanoRes.2009, 2: 599-606