•  
  •  
 
Nano Research

Article Title

A glutathione-triggered precision explosive system for improving tumor chemosensitivity

Authors

Yuanyuan Nie, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Chemistry and Biomedicine Innovation Center, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
Yurui Xu, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Chemistry and Biomedicine Innovation Center, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, ChinaFollow
Ya Gao, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Chemistry and Biomedicine Innovation Center, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
Jielei He, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Chemistry and Biomedicine Innovation Center, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
Lei Sun, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Chemistry and Biomedicine Innovation Center, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
Jianmei Chen, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Chemistry and Biomedicine Innovation Center, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
Yushuang Cui, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Chemistry and Biomedicine Innovation Center, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, ChinaFollow
Haixiong Ge, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Chemistry and Biomedicine Innovation Center, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, ChinaFollow
Xinghai Ning, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Chemistry and Biomedicine Innovation Center, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, ChinaFollow

Keywords

glutathione-responsive, serum stability, selective intracellular release, synergistic effects, explosive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, enhanced anticancer effects

Abstract

Stimuli-responsive delivery systems hold promise in cancer treatments. However, their application potential has been limited due to undesirable drug leaking during blood circulation and inefficient therapeutic efficacy in tumors, resulting in undesirable therapeutic outcomes. Herein, we have developed a novel redox-sensitive pegylated phospholipid, termed as DOPE-SS-PEG, which can form a glutathione (GSH)-triggered precision explosive system (GPS) for simultaneously improving circulation stability, tumor specificity, and chemosensitivity, leading to explosive anticancer effects. GPS is constructed of liposomal doxorubicin (DOX) functionalized with DOPE-SS-PEG and MnO2 nanoparticles, which can protect liposome structure in the presence of serum GSH (20 μM), whereas converts to cationic liposome in response to intracellular GSH (10 mM), thereby enhancing circulation stability, tumor specificity, endosomal escape, and cytoplasmic delivery. Importantly, GPS can not only generate oxygen to relieve hypoxia and consequently enhance chemosensitivity, but quench GSH antioxidability to elevate the accruement of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to an explosion of oxidative stress induced cell injury. Particularly, in vivo studies show that GPS selectively accumulates in tumor tissues, effectively inhibits tumor growth, exhibits minimal systemic adverse effects, and consequently prolongs the survival time of tumor-bearing mice. Therefore, GPS is a unique stimuli-responsive treatment with programmed and on-demand drug delivery, as well as explosive therapeutic efficacy, and provides an intelligent anticancer treatment.

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

Share

COinS