High-mobility patternable MoS2 percolating nanofilms
layer-by-layer assembly, molybdenum disulfide, nanofilms, solution-processed electronics, field-effect transistors
Fabrication of large-area and uniform semiconducting thin films of two-dimensional (2D) materials is paramount for the full exploitation of their atomic thicknesses and smooth surfaces in integrated circuits. In addition to elaborate vapor-based synthesis techniques for the wafer-scale growth of 2D films, solution-based approaches for high-quality thin films from the liquid dispersions of 2D flakes, despite underdeveloped, are alternative cost-effective tactics. Here, we present layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly as an effective approach to obtaining scalable semiconducting films of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) for field-effect transistors (FETs). LbL assembly is achieved by coordinating electrochemically exfoliated MoS2 with cationic poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) through electrostatic interactions. The PDDA/MoS2 percolating nanofilms show controlled and self-limited growth on a variety of substrates, and are easily patterned through lift-off processes. Ion gel gated FETs are fabricated on these MoS2 nanofilms, and they show mobilities of 9.8 cm2·V-1·s-1, on/off ratios of 2.1 × 105 with operating voltages less than 2 V. The annealing temperature in the fabrication process can be as low as 200 °C, thereby permitting the fabrication of flexible FETs on polyethylene terephthalate substrates. The LbL assembly technique holds great promise for the large-scale fabrication of flexible electronics based on solution-processed 2D semiconductors.
Tsinghua University Press
Xiangxiang Gao, Jun Yin, Gang Bian et al. High-mobility patternable MoS2 percolating nanofilms. Nano Research 2021, 14(7): 2255-2263.