Nano Research

Article Title

Substitutional doping in 2D transition metal dichalcogenides


substitutional doping, transition metal dichalcogenide, two-dimensional semiconductor, acceptor, donor


Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are a new class of electronic materials offering tremendous opportunities for advanced technologies and fundamental studies. Similar to conventional semiconductors, substitutional doping is key to tailoring their electronic properties and enabling their device applications. Here, we review recent progress in doping methods and understanding of doping effects in group 6 TMDs (MX2, M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te), which are the most widely studied model 2D semiconductor system. Experimental and theoretical studies have shown that a number of different elements can substitute either M or X atoms in these materials and act as n- or p-type dopants. This review will survey the impact of substitutional doping on the electrical and optical properties of these materials, discuss open questions, and provide an outlook for further studies.


Tsinghua University Press