Van der Waals epitaxy of ultrathin crystalline PbTe nanosheets with high near-infrared photoelectric response
two-dimensional materials, van der Waals epitaxy, lead telluride, near-infrared, photodetector
Lead telluride (PbTe) is one of the reliable candidates for infrared (IR) optoelectronics with optimum band-gap as well as excellent photoelectric properties. Great interests had been paid on the growth and device applications with PbTe for the development of high-performance IR photodetectors especially those working in the near-infrared regime. Although a great deal of effort had been made to prepare PbTe nanostructures for miniaturized detectors, it is difficult to synthesize high-quality two-dimensional (2D) PbTe crystals due to its rock-salt non-layered structure. Herein, a facile strategy for controllable synthesis of ultrathin crystalline PbTe nanosheets by van der Waals epitaxy is reported. With an optimized growth temperature, which determines the morphology transit from triangular pyramid islands to regular square 2D planars, PbTe nanosheets in lateral size of tens of microns with thickness down to ~ 7 nm are achieved. Meanwhile, ultrasensitive near-infrared detectors (NIRDs) based on the as-grown 2D PbTe nanosheets have been demonstrated with an ultrahigh responsivity exceeding 3,847 A/W at the wavelength of 1,550 nm under room temperature. Our approach demonstrates that 2D PbTe nanosheets have great latent capacity of developing high-performance miniaturized IR optoelectronic devices.
Tsinghua University Press
Xinxin Zhao, Qing Yin, Hao Huang, Qiang Yu, Bo Liu, Jie Yang, Zhuo Dong, Zhenjiang Shen, Benpeng Zhu, Lei Liao, Kai Zhang. Van der Waals epitaxy of ultrathin crystalline PbTe nanosheets with high near-infrared photoelectric response. Nano Research 2021, 14(6): 1955-1960.