Boosting triplet self-trapped exciton emission in Te(IV)-doped Cs2SnCl6 perovskite variants
Cs2SnCl6 perovskite variants, equivalent ion doping, self-trapped exciton (STE) emission, electron-phonon coupling, first principles calculation
Perovskite variants have attracted wide interest because of the lead-free nature and strong self-trapped exciton (STE) emission. Divalent Sn(II) in CsSnX3 perovskites is easily oxidized to tetravalent Sn(IV), and the resulted Cs2SnCl6 vacancy-ordered perovskite variant exhibits poor photoluminescence property although it has a direct band gap. Controllable doping is an effective strategy to regulate the optical properties of Cs2SnX6. Herein, combining the first principles calculation and spectral analysis, we attempted to understand the luminescence mechanism of Te4+-doped Cs2SnCl6 lead-free perovskite variants. The chemical potential and defect formation energy are calculated to confirm theoretically the feasible substitutability of tetravalent Te4+ ions in Cs2SnCl6 lattices for the Sn-site. Through analysis of the absorption, emission/excitation, and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, the intense green-yellow emission in Te4+:Cs2SnCl6 was considered to originate from the triplet Te(IV) ion 3P1→1S0 STE recombination. Temperature-dependent PL spectra demonstrated the strong electron-phonon coupling that inducing an evident lattice distortion to produce STEs. We further calculated the electronic band structure and molecular orbital levels to reveal the underlying photophysical process. These results will shed light on the doping modulated luminescence properties in stable lead-free Cs2MX6 vacancy-ordered perovskite variants and be helpful to understand the optical properties and physical processes of doped perovskite variants.
Tsinghua University Press
Ruosheng Zeng, Kun Bai, Qilin Wei, Tong Chang, Jun Yan, Bao Ke, Jialuo Huang, Liushun Wang, Weichang Zhou, Sheng Cao, Jialong Zhao, Bingsuo Zou. Boosting triplet self-trapped exciton emission in Te(IV)-doped Cs2SnCl6 perovskite variants. Nano Research 2021, 14(5): 1551-1558.