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Nano Research

Article Title

Bioengineering of nano metal-organic frameworks for cancer immunotherapy

Authors

Gaowei Chong, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, The Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Nano Science, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China;Key Laboratory of Spine and Spinal Cord Injury Repair and Regeneration of Ministry of Education, Orthopaedic Department of Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, 389 Xincun Road, Shanghai 200065, China
Jie Zang, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, The Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Nano Science, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
Yi Han, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, The Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Nano Science, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
Runping Su, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, The Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Nano Science, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
Nopphon Weeranoppanant, Department of Chemical Engineering, Burapha University, 169 Longhard Bangsaen, Saensook, Chonburi 20131, Thailand;School of Biomolecular Science and Engineering , Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology , 555 Moo 1 Payupnai, Wangchan, Rayong 21210, Thailand
Haiqing Dong, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, The Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Nano Science, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China;Key Laboratory of Spine and Spinal Cord Injury Repair and Regeneration of Ministry of Education, Orthopaedic Department of Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, 389 Xincun Road, Shanghai 200065, China
Yongyong Li, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, The Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Nano Science, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China

Keywords

cancer immunotherapy, nano metal-organic frameworks (nMOFs), bioengineering, vaccine delivery, tumor-microenvironment modulation

Abstract

Immunotherapy techniques, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapies and cancer vaccines, have been burgeoning with great success, particularly for specific cancer types. However, side effects with fatal risks, dysfunction in tumor microenvironment and low immune response rates remain the bottlenecks in immunotherapy. Nano metal-organic frameworks (nMOFs), with an accurate structure and a narrow size distribution, are emerging as a solution to these problems. In addition to their function of temporospatial delivery, a large library of their compositions, together with flexibility in chemical interaction and inherent immune efficacy, offers opportunities for various designs of nMOFs for immunotherapy. In this review, we overview state-of-the-art research on nMOFs-based immunotherapies as well as their combination with other therapies. We demonstrate that nMOFs are predominantly customized for vaccine delivery or tumor-microenvironment modulation. Finally, a prospect of nMOFs in cancer immunotherapy will be discussed.

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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