Fabrication of Fe nanocomplex pillared few-layered Ti3C2Tx MXene with enhanced rate performance for lithium-ion batteries
Fe ions intercalation, few-layered MXene, pillared MXene, lithium-ion batteries
Pillaring technologies have been considered as an effective way to improve lithium storage performance of Ti3C2Tx MXene. Nevertheless, the pillared hybrids suffer from sluggish Li+ diffusion kinetics and electronic transportation due to the compact multi-layered MXene structure, thus exhibiting inferior rate performance. Herein, the few-layered Ti3C2 MXene (f-Ti3C2 MXene) which is free from restacking can be prepared quickly based on the NH4+ ions method. Besides, Fe nanocomplex pillared few-layered Ti3C2Tx (FPTC) heterostructures are fabricated via the intercalation of Fe ions into the interlayer of f-Ti3C2 MXene. The f-Ti3C2 MXene which is immune to restacking can provide a highly conductive substrate for the rapid transport of Li+ ions and electrons and possess adequate electrolyte accessible area. Moreover, f-Ti3C2 MXene can efficiently relieve the aggregation, prevent the pulverization and buffer the large volume change of Fe nanocomplex during lithiation/delithiation process, leading to enhanced charge transfer kinetics and excellent structural stability of FPTC composites. Consequently, the FPTC hybrids exhibit a high capacity of 535 mAh·g−1 after 150 cycles at 0.5 A·g−1 and an enhanced rate performance with 310 mAh·g−1 after 850 cycles at 5 A·g−1. This strategy is facile, universal and can be extended to fabricate various few-layered MXene-derived hybrids with superior rate capability.
Tsinghua University Press
Pengfei Huang, Shunlong Zhang, Hangjun Ying, Wentao Yang, Jianli Wang, Rongnan Guo, Weiqiang Han. Fabrication of Fe nanocomplex pillared few-layered Ti3C2Tx MXene with enhanced rate performance for lithium-ion batteries. Nano Research 2021, 14(4): 1218-1227.