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Nano Research

Article Title

Hetero-phase MoC-Mo2C nanoparticles for enhanced photocatalytic H2-production activity of TiO2

Keywords

TiO2, MoC-Mo2C@C, cocatalyst, H2 evolution, photocatalysis

Abstract

Hexagonal molybdenum carbide (Mo2C) as an effective non-noble cocatalyst is intensively researched in the photocatalytic H2-evolution field owing to its Pt-like H+-adsorption ability and good conductivity. However, hexagonal Mo2C-modified photocatalysts possess a limited H2-evolution rate because of the weak H-desorption ability. To further improve the activity, cubic MoC was introduced into Mo2C to form the carbon-modified MoC-Mo2C nanoparticles (MoC-Mo2C@C) by a calcination method. The resultant MoC-Mo2C@C (ca. 5 nm) was eventually coupled with TiO2 to acquire high-efficiency TiO2/MoC-Mo2C@C by electrostatic self-assembly. The highest H2-generation rate of TiO2/MoC-Mo2C@C reached of 918 μmol·h−1·g−1, which was 91.8, 2.7, and 1.5 times than that of the TiO2, TiO2/MoC@C, and TiO2/Mo2C@C, respectively. The enhanced rate of TiO2 attributes to the carbon layer as cocatalyst to transmit electrons and the hetero-phase MoC-Mo2C as H2-generation active sites to boost H2-evolution reaction. This research offers a novel insight to design photocatalytic materials for energy applications.

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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