De novo synthesis of bifunctional conjugated microporous polymers for synergistic coordination mediated uranium entrapment
conjugated microporous polymers, uranium, adsorption, synergistic coordination, density functional theory
This work reports a de novo synthesis of novel bifunctional conjugated microporous polymers (CMPs) exhibiting a synergistic-effect involved coordination behavior to uranium. It is highlighted that the synthetic strategy enables the engineering of the coordination environment within amidoxime functionalized CMP frameworks by specifically introducing ortho-substituted amino functionalities, enhancing the affinity to uranyl ions via forming synergistic complexes. The CMPs exhibit high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, well-developed three-dimensional (3D) networks with hierarchical porosity, and favorable chemical and thermal stability because of the covalently cross-linked structure. Compared with the amino-free counterparts, the adsorption capacity of bifunctional CMPs was increased by almost 70%, from 105 to 174 mg/g, indicating evidently enhanced binding ability to uranium. Moreover, new insights into coordination mechanism were obtained by in-depth X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis and density functional theory (DFT) calculation, suggesting a dominant role of the oxime ligands forming a 1:1 metal ions/ligands (M/L) coordination model with uranyl ions while demonstrating the synergistic engagement of the amino functionalities via direct binding to uranium center and hydrogen-bonding involved secondary-sphere interaction. This work sheds light on the underlying principles of ortho-substituted functionalities directed synergistic effect to promote the coordination of amidoxime with uranyl ions. And the synthetic strategy established here would enable the task-specific development of more novel CMP-based functional materials for broadened applications.
Tsinghua University Press
Boxuan Yu, Lei Zhang, Gang Ye, Qingzhi Liu, Jiongli Li, Xudong Wang, Jing Chen, Shengming Xu, Shengqian Ma. De novo synthesis of bifunctional conjugated microporous polymers for synergistic coordination mediated uranium entrapment. Nano Research 2021, 14(3): 788-796.