Boosted photoreduction of diluted CO2 through oxygen vacancy engineering in NiO nanoplatelets
diluted CO2, photocatalytic reduction, oxygen vacancies, NiO nanoplatelets, adsorption
Converting carbon dioxide (CO2) to diverse value-added products through photocatalysis can validly alleviate the critical issues of greenhouse effect and energy shortages simultaneously. In particular, based on practical considerations, exploring novel catalysts to achieve efficient photoreduction of diluted CO2 is necessary and urgent. However, this process is extremely challenging owing to the disturbance of competitive adsorption at low CO2 concentration. Herein, we delicately synthesize oxygen vacancy-laden NiO nanoplatelets (r-NiO) via calcination under Ar protection to reduce diluted CO2 through visible light irradiation (> 400 nm) assisted by a Ru-based photosensitizer. Benefitting from the strongly CO2 adsorption energy of oxygen vacancies, which was confirmed by density functional calculations, the r-NiO catalysts exhibit higher activity and selectivity (6.28 × 103 µmol·h−1·g−1; 82.11%) for diluted CO2-to-CO conversion than that of the normal NiO (3.94 × 103 µmol·h−1·g−1; 65.26%). Besides, the presence of oxygen vacancies can also promote the separation of electron-hole pairs. Our research demonstrates that oxygen vacancies could act as promising candidates for photocatalytic CO2 reduction, offering fundamental guidance for the actual photoreduction of diluted CO2 in the future.
Tsinghua University Press
Weiyi Chen, Xueming Liu, Bin Han, Shujie Liang, Hong Deng, Zhang Lin. Boosted photoreduction of diluted CO2 through oxygen vacancy engineering in NiO nanoplatelets. Nano Research 2021, 14(3): 730-737.