Breakdown of Raman selection rules by Fröhlich interaction in few-layer WS2
WS2, resonant Raman scattering, dark exciton, Raman section rules, Fröhlich interaction
The polarization selection rule of Raman scattering is crucial in symmetry analysis of elementary excitations in semiconductors and correlated electron systems. Here we reported the observation of breakdown of Raman selection rules in few-layer WS2 by using resonant Raman spectroscopy. When the excitation energy is close to the dark A exciton state, we observed some infrared active modes and backscattering forbidden modes. Importantly, we found that all observed phonon modes follow the same paralleled-polarization behavior. According to the electron-phonon coupling near the band edge in WS2, we proposed a theoretical model based on the intraband Fröhlich interaction. In this case, the polarization response of the scattering signal is no longer determined by the original Raman tensor of scattered phonons. Instead, it is determined by a new isotropic Raman tensor that generated from this intraband Fröhlich interaction between dark A exciton and phonons. We found that this theoretical model is in excellent agreement with the observed results. The breakdown of Raman selection rules can violate the conventional limitations of the optical response and provide an effective method to control the polarization of Raman scattering signals in two-dimensional materials.
Tsinghua University Press
Qing-Hai Tan, Yu-Jia Sun, Xue-Lu Liu, Kai-Xuan Xu, Yuan-Fei Gao, Shu-Liang Ren, Ping-Heng Tan, Jun Zhang. Breakdown of Raman selection rules by Fröhlich interaction in few-layer WS2. Nano Research 2021, 14(1): 239-244.