Multiple radial phosphorus segregations in GaAsP core-shell nanowires
compound semiconductor alloys, radial segregations, three-fold symmetry, surface chemical potential
Highly faceted geometries such as nanowires are prone to form self-formed features, especially those that are driven by segregation. Understanding these features is important in preventing their formation, understanding their effects on nanowire properties, or engineering them for applications. Single elemental segregation lines that run along the radii of the hexagonal cross-section have been a common observation in alloy semiconductor nanowires. Here, in GaAsP nanowires, two additional P rich bands are formed on either side of the primary band, resulting in a total of three segregation bands in the vicinity of three of the alternating radii. These bands are less intense than the primary band and their formation can be attributed to the inclined nanofacets that form in the vicinity of the vertices. The formation of the secondary bands requires a higher composition of P in the shell, and to be grown under conditions that increase the diffusivity difference between As and P. Furthermore, it is observed that the primary band can split into two narrow and parallel bands. This can take place in all six radii, making the cross sections to have up to a maximum of 18 radial segregation bands. With controlled growth, these features could be exploited to assemble multiple different quantum structures in a new dimension (circumferential direction) within nanowires.
Tsinghua University Press
H. Aruni Fonseka, Yunyan Zhang, James A. Gott, Richard Beanland, Huiyun Liu, Ana M. Sanchez. Multiple radial phosphorus segregations in GaAsP core-shell nanowires. Nano Research 2021, 14(1): 157-164.